Hoogesteijn, A. L., Tortato, F., Hoogesteijn, R., Viana, D., Concone, H. V. B., & Crawshaw-Jr, P. (2016). Experiencias en manejo antidepredatorio por jaguares y pumas en el Pantanal de Brasil. In C. Castaño-Uribe, C. A. Lasso, R. Hoogesteijn, A. Diaz-Pulido, & E. Payan-Garrido (Eds.), II. Conflictos entre felinos y humanos en América Latina: Vol. II (pp. 211–226). Instituto Humboldt.

Ano de publicação: 2016

The livestock industry is the economic foundation of The Pantanal. It relies on cattle herds maintained on extensive savanna lands with flood and drought pulses. This free-range management encourages predation events by large felids, which are in turn, hunted and killed, in an attempt to eradicate the problem. We present two antipredator applicable to extensive flooded savanna conditions. First, the use of electric fences in various ranches, e.g. Fazenda San Francisco, were predation losses fell from 3,5% to 0,4% in less than a year; and also a comparative study in Fazenda BrPec, showing that in two large outpost stations without electric fences, cattle losses due to predation (bovines.km2 (-1)) were 5,92 and 22,8 times greater than in the outpost-station that used well kept electric fences. Fences were effective in very different ecological and management conditions. The second experience relates to the employment of human pastors supported by vehicles and fireworks to scare away predators. This second option also has promising results if conducted properly. These practices can be combined with the use of water buffalo, creole bulls, night enclosures, bells etc. and show that the use of anti-predation strategies can mitigate the conflict and strengthen tolerance to felines in the Pantanal.

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